On Boxing Day (Dec 26) and New Year’s Day (Jan 1), both Garifuna and non-Carib blacks celebrate the Jonkonnu Festival, also known as John Canoe. The origins of this tradition are unclear. One theory holds that it was started by Jananin Canno, a tribal chief from West Africa; another suggests that Jonkonnu derives from the French saying gens inconnus, which means “unknown people,” apparently in reference to the masquerade aspect of the festival. Jonkonnu is a dancing parade that combines ancient African rituals with a Mardi Gras style. It begins in the predawn hours and lasts until sunrise. Costumed performers wear wire-mesh masks painted white or pink with wide-eyed staring features and red lips as they travel through the streets, dancing from house to house. The dancers are accompanied by two drums, often traditional goat- skin drums or steel drums, and a female chorus. The rhythm played, called goombay, is a blend of ancient African and Caribbean sounds. The Jonkonnu Festival is held in Jamaica and the Bahamas as well, with some variation. December 26